Common and Troublesome Weeds of Golf Course Ponds
Aquatic plants are familiar and beneficial components of pond systems. However, too much of a good thing can present management challenges.
Written by: Rob RichardsonPublished: 2016 United States Golf Association, Green Section Record Vol. 54 (11) June 3, 2016
This article is a resource for identifying common aquatic weeds and describes best management strategies for plant control. Aquatic plants discussed include: filamentous algae, duckweeds, water hyacinth, cattails, Eurasian watermilfoil, pondweeds, southern naiad, hydrilla, and creeping water primrose.
Golf Course Water Features Need Management
Well - designed water features that receive basic management will attract more than errant golf shots.
Written by: Jim SkorulskiPublished: 2014 United States Golf Association, Green Section Record Vol. 52 (16) August 8, 2014
This article provides an overview on pond management including pond ecology, factors that cause problem ponds, algae and aquatic plant management, and cost estimates. The author also delivers tangible techniques to evaluate pond problems and best practices to manage them. The pond design and purpose (stormwater, irrigation, water hazard, habitat) also influences management techniques. Using nutrient reduction and inactivation practices (vegetative buffers and subsurface aeration). Are recommended and key to improving water quality.
Trophic cascades across ecosystems
Healthy ponds with fish benefit flowering plants with more frequent pollinator visits.
Written by: Tiffany M. Knight1,2, Michael W. McCoy1, Jonathan M. Chase2, Krista A. McCoy1 & Robert D. Holt1
- Department of Zoology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA
- Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
In this eight-pond study on pollinator population, researchers found that keeping ponds healthy creates a mutually beneficial environment for fish, plants, and bees. The plants near healthy ponds had two times more pollen than plants near unhealthy ponds. Pollinator visitation rates on plants were much higher near ponds with ﬁsh than plants near fish-free ponds, and most pollinator visitors near ponds with ﬁsh consisted of bees, whereas most visitors near ﬁsh-free ponds consisted of ﬂies.
Do not overlook this tool to manage and improve water quality in your ponds.
Written by: Jim SkorulskiPublished: 2014 United States Golf Association, Green Section Record January/February 2000
This article provides a basic understanding of how water aeration improves water quality, as well as realistic expectations on aeration’s short-term and long-term effects on problem ponds. The author offers pros and cons for using fountains vs. bottom bubbler (subsurface diffused) aeration and offers a primer on oxygen’s role in ponds and lakes.
What is a Buffer?
Placed between turfgrass and a body of water, a buffer can significantly reduce nutrient and sediment runoff.
Written by: Jean MacKayPublished: 2001 United States Golf Association, Green Section Record September/October 2001
This article defines and describes effective vegetative buffers around water bodies and maintains that a turfgrass buffer is a valuable management strategy.
Dredging Up A New Idea
Using remote dredging technology for golf course ponds
Written by: Patrick J. GrossPublished: 2007 United States Golf Association, Green Section Record May/June 2007
This article provides a description of the dredging problems faced by the Canyon Lake Golf Community in Canyon Lake, California, and the use of remote dredging to address the sediment buildup in the lake.